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Black Banjo Then and Now (originally Black Banjo Players Now and Then) was founded in March, 2004 as an online list group in Yahoo. The aim of the organization was to unite scholars, pickers, lovers, and builders of the banjo and related instruments together with preserving the heritage of past Black banjo players and encouraging contemporary Black banjo players.

The group organized the historic Black Banjo Gathering held at Appalachian State University in Boone, North Carolina in April 2005.

During March 2010, the Black Banjo Gathering Reunion was held at the same location uniting musicians, scholars and enthusiasts in celebrating the banjo tradition and to recognizing its African, Afro-Caribbean and African-American origins.